Definition of Proposal: Objectives, Functions, Systematics and Conditions for Preparation

Definition of Proposal

A proposal is an activity plan written in the form of a work plan to be implemented. The activity plan must of course be written properly and correctly so that interested parties can understand it well.

The proposal is only a written proposal addressed to the parties involved in an activity. These activities can be in the form of business activities, submissions, funds, projects, to research.

Proposal Purpose

To get approval from the parties concerned in order to carry out an activity.
If it is related to the proposal for submitting funds, the proposal aims to obtain financial assistance from the sponsor.
To get support from parties related to these activities.
If it is related to government project proposals, the proposal aims to conduct tenders or auctions on these projects.
To get a business cooperation offer, if it is related to a business proposal.

Proposal Function

  • Can be used for business cooperation proposals to target companies.
  • Can be used to hold certain events, such as training, seminars, competitions, and others.
  • Can be used to apply to set up a business.
  • Can be used to auction a project or item.

Proposal Systematic

In a proposal, it must have a structure or its parts. In some aspects, a research proposal is different from a community activity proposal.

However, in general the proposals have a systematic which is almost similar to each other. The activity proposal usually contains the background, problems and objectives, scope of activities, theoretical framework and hypotheses, methods, implementing activities, facilities, advantages and disadvantages of implementing the activity, time period, budget, and attachments.

Meanwhile, the research proposal will contain the background of the problem, problem formulation, research objectives, research benefits, theoretical basis, research methods, and report writing framework.

So that you better understand the systematics contained in a proposal, let’s look at the following explanation!

1. Background

In the background section contained in a proposal, it contains the events, circumstances, or things behind the implementation of the activity or research.

For example, in a proposal for activities related to village community health, the background must discuss the occurrence of infectious diseases.

Example sentences in the background section of a scientific research proposal on wall magazines in schools:

Therefore, scientific writing uses its own variety of language, namely the variety of scientific writing. Scientific written language is a barrel of a variety of standard official languages ​​that must be arranged in a clear, orderly, and precise meaning. The variety of scientific language used in scientific writing, especially in scientific magazines, must have provisions to be able to communicate thoughts, ideas, and understanding in a complete, concise, and precise manner.

2. Problems and Goals

In the activity proposal and research proposal, it is necessary to mention the problem and its objectives specifically. How to? Namely by formulating these goals rationally and using persuasive language so that those who read the proposal are interested in the objectives of the activity.

Example of the formulation of the problem in a research proposal on the scientific level of wall magazines in schools:

How is the level of scientific content written by 11th grade Neo Culture High School students in their school wall magazines?
How is the scientific level of vocabulary and terms used in the writings of 11th grade Neo Culture High School students in their school wall magazines?
How is the scientific level of language development used in the writings of 11th grade Neo Culture High School students in their school wall magazines?
etc…”

While the purpose of the proposal, usually follows the formulation of the existing problem.

3. Scope of Activities

In formulating an activity proposal, the boundaries must be clear.

4. Theoretical Framework and Hypotheses

In an activity proposal or research proposal, there must be a theory or previous research results related to the problem in the proposal. The study can be in the form of comparisons from previous research or theories that are in line with the problem to be studied.

From the existence of these theories, the recipient of the proposal (the party related to the approval of the proposal) can understand the weight of the problems in the proposal.

An example of a theoretical framework in a scientific research proposal on wall magazines in schools:

“……For effective and efficient cooperation and collaboration, the communication tools used need to be adapted to the nature of science and the way scientists work. This means of communication is a special language variety, which the Praba aristocrats call the scientific language variety (David, 1973: 229). The main characteristic of the variety of scientific language is that it is completely logical, straightforward, solid, clear or explicit, objective, and in the form of a standard (standard) variety….”

5. Method

The method section (usually the research proposal) should discuss how the research method will be implemented. Including data collection techniques, data analysis, data validation, and others.

The methods used are also varied, for example historical methods, descriptive methods, and experimental methods. Meanwhile, the data collection technique can be done by using questionnaires (using questionnaires), interviews, observations, literature studies, and others.

Through the elaboration of this method, the activities planned in the proposal can be objectively assessed by the recipient of the proposal. In addition, the recipient of the proposal can also assess the amount of costs that need to be spent.

An example of the method section in a scientific research proposal on a school wall magazine:

“In this research, descriptive method is used. The aim is to describe the level of scientific content of writing, organization, vocabulary and terms, language development, and the mechanical aspects of writing by Neo Culture High School students published in the form of a school wall magazine….”